Flowers in perfumery:
The Florals are part of the 6 original families (Floral, Citrus, Woody, Oriental, Fougère, Chyprée) according to the SFP (French Society of Perfumers).
This tendency appears with Marie-Antoinette (18th century!). It's amazing how flowers weren't appreciated until so late (as a reminder: perfume has been around since Ancient Egypt).
The reason ?
Originally, perfume was in solid form. Animal notes (which were obtained by killing animals such as Civet, Castoreum, Ambergris, Chevrotin Musk, etc.) were very popular because if certain extractions did not yet exist, to tell the truth, hygiene did not was also no cause for concern.
The animal notes were used to cover body odors, lack of hygiene.
With Marie-Antoinette, the era of "refinement" began, she adored flowers: rose, iris, violet... This inspired the perfumers of the time and it has never left us.
This is why we now associate floral fragrances with women.
The Floral family contains several sub-categories , in which we will classify some raw materials:
Most floral notes are heart notes, those that give body to a perfume. Natural notes are followed by an *:
Ylang-Ylang Essence*: methylated.solar.spicy
Tuberose Absolute*: methylated.vegetables.hay
Benzyl salicylate: rubber.white flower.almondy
Amyl salicylate: solar.carnation.fruity
Absolute Damask Rose*: lychee.honey.artichoke
Geranium Essence*: lychee.live.herbaceous
Phenyl ethyl alcohol: lilac.solvent.vinous
Iris Concrete*: whiskey.earthy.leather
Ionone Alpha: violet.woody.fruity
Ionone Beta: violet.earthy.rubber
Methyl Ionone Gamma: iridescent.violet.soft
Jasmine Grandiflorum Absolu*: solar.indole.fruity
Absolute Jasmine Sambac*: fruity.orangey.ripe melon
Benzyl acetate: fatty.solvent.fruity
Benzyl Propionate: mushroom.fruity.medicine
Neroli Essence*: fresh.green.honey
Petitgrain Bigarade Essence*: aromatic.tea.fresh
Methyl salicylate: medicine.sun.turpentine
Ethyl linalool: freesia.tea.rosé
Rosewood Essence*: zesty.spicy.aromatic
Hydroxycitronellal: lily of the valley.aqueous.mild
Jasmonal H: jasmine.spicy.plastic
Phenyl ethyl salicylate: vinous.white flower.balsamic
Some emblematic perfumes:
"N°5" - Chanel 1921 - Ernest Beaux / Floral Aldehyde
"L'air du temps" - Nina Ricci 1948 - Francis Fabron / Floral Carnation
"Diorissimo" - Dior 1956 - Edmond Roudnitska / Floral Muguet
"Paris" - YSL 1983 - Sophia Grosjman / Floral Bouquet
"Poison" - Dior 1985 - Edouard Fléchier / Floral Tuberose
"L'Eau d'Issey" - Issey Miyake 1992 - Jacques Cavallier / Aquatic Floral
"J'adore" - Dior 1999 - Calice Becker / Floral Jasmine
"Flower" - Kenzo 2000 - Alberto Morillas / Floral Musk
This list is not exhaustive because there are a lot of beautiful launches: some emblematic, some more commercial.